As the new technologies are developing at a fast pace in the electronic information field, the Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data and mobile Internet are penetrating the conventional industries. Smart cars, vehicle and highway coordination, travel intelligence, convenient service and the Internet of Vehicles are emerging as the new hot issues of current technology development in the automobile arena. With quite a number of Internet enterprises coming into the automobile industry, the industry itself cannot avoid significant change.
What is the smart car? What is the significance of it to the development of modern transport? What is the status quo of smart car evolvement in China? What are the problems and how can we solve them? Given all these questions, Mr. Wu Zhongze, head of one of the sponsor for China Connected Vehicle & ITS Expo 2015 - China Intelligent Transportation System Association (ITS China), gave us the exclusive answers.
Mr. Wu firstly provided clear definition of a smart car. A smart car is a safe, efficient and energy-saving vehicle of next generation loaded with advanced on-board sensors, controls, actuators and other devices and boasting the functions of complex surroundings sensing, intelligent decision-making and automatic control so as to fulfill the information sharing and control coordination between the car and exterior nodes and achieve zero casualty and congestion.
Mr. Wu also elaborated China’s planning on intelligent transport system. Pursuant to the Made in 2025 issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) this year, China will master the overall technology and various critical technologies of automatic driving in 2025, build a relatively comprehensive independent R&D system, supporting manufacturing system and industrial clusters for intelligent and connected vehicles and fundamentally complete the transformation and upgrading of automobile industry.
Last but not the least, Mr. Wu expressed some places in need of improvement with regard to the status quo of intelligent transport in mainly four aspects. The first is the lack of coordinated development in the building of road infrastructure and smart cars. The second is the insufficient perception of value in the smart car, absence of top-level design in the cooperation, unclear cooperation mode between the vehicle producers and Internet companies. The third is the high complexity of highway in China, great difficulty in the road applicability test, difficulty in the face of conventional test system in adapting to the needs of smart car. The fourth is the absence of critical common and core technologies in the development of domestic smart cars. The monopoly of critical parts and components production by foreign companies becomes the bottleneck problem for us to develop smart cars.